Dec 06

What Does the IRS Say About Using ROBS to Start a Business?

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (otherwise known as ERISA) and the Internal Revenue Code clearly allow for the use of retirement funds to acquire or invest in a new or existing business as long as the transaction complies with IRS and ERISA rules and regulations.

Business owners have been using retirement funds to help acquire or invest in a business for a number of years. A number of promoters have promoted these types of transactions under the name “ROBS”. Even though this type of transaction is permitted under IRS and ERISA rules, the IRS believed a significant number of the promoters were not taking the necessary steps to structure a transaction that is in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules.

The October 1, 2008 Memorandum

On October 1, 2008, Michael Julianelle, Director, Employee Plans, signed a “Memorandum” approving IRS ROBS Examination Guidelines. The IRS stated that while this type of structure is legal and not considered an abusive tax avoidance transaction, the execution of these types of transactions, in many cases, have not been found to be in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. In the “Memorandum”, the IRS highlighted two compliance areas that they felt were not being adequately followed by the promoters implementing the structure during this time period.

What Does the IRS Say About Using ROBS to Start a Business?The first non-compliance area of concern the IRS highlighted in the “Memorandum” was the lack of disclosure of the adopted 401(k) Plan to the company’s employees. The IRS believed that in too many instances the promoter was establishing a 401(k) Plan that was not adequately disclosed to all employees. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(4) provides that under a qualified retirement plan, contributions or benefits provided under the plan must not discriminate in favor of highly compensated employees. In addition, the promoters were encouraging the business owner who had used their retirement funds to purchase company stock to not provide the same benefit to their employees.

The second non-compliance area of concern the IRS highlighted in the “Memorandum” was establishing an independent appraisal to determine the fair market value of the business being purchased.

Internal Revenue Code Section 4975(c)(1 )(A) defines a prohibited transaction as a sale, exchange or lease of any property between a plan and a disqualified person. Internal Revenue Code Section 4975(d)(13) provides an exemption from prohibited transaction consideration for any transaction that is exempt from ERISA Section 406, by reason of ERISA Section 408(e), which addresses certain transactions involving employer stock. ERISA Section 408(e), and ERISA Regulation Section 2550,408e promulgated thereunder, provides an exemption from ERISA Section 406 for acquisitions or sales of qualifying employer securities, subject to a requirement that the acquisition or sale must be for “adequate consideration.” Except in the case of a “marketable obligation”, adequate consideration for this purpose means a price not less favorable than the price determined under ERISA Section 3(18). ERISA Section 3(18) provides in relevant part that, in the case of an asset other than a security for which there is no generally recognized market, adequate consideration means the fair market value of the asset as determined in good faith by the trustee or named fiduciary pursuant to the terms of the plan and in accordance with regulations.

An exchange of company stock between the plan and its employer-sponsor would be a prohibited transaction, unless the requirements of ERISA Section 408(e) are met (the acquisition or sale of the qualifying employer securities must be for adequate consideration).

Therefore, valuation of the purchase corporate stock is a relevant issue. Since, in some cases, the company may be newly established, there could be a question of whether the stock is indeed worth the value of the purchase price exchanged. If the transaction has not been for adequate consideration, it would have to be corrected, for example, by the corporation’s redemption of the stock from the plan and replacing it with cash equal to its fair market value, plus an additional interest factor for lost plan earnings. In addition, the IRS asserts that a valuation-related prohibited transaction issue may arise where the start-up enterprise does not actually “start-up.” Many promoters have been advising clients that they do not need to secure appraisal which would seemingly contradict the IRS’s position outlined in the “Memorandum”. In addition, the promoters who have provided clients with a valuation have been providing clients with a single line valuation statement generally approximating available retirement funds, which the IRS considers inadequate.

The August 27, 2010 IRS Public Phone Forum

On August 27, 2010, almost two years after publishing the “Memorandum”, the IRS held a public phone forum open to the public which covered transactions involving using retirement funds to purchase a business. Monika Templeman, Director of Employee Plans Examinations and Colleen Patton, Area Manager of Employee Plans Examinations for the Pacific Coast spent considerable time discussing the IRS’s position on this subject. Monika Templeman began the presentation reaffirming the IRS’s position that a transaction involving the use of retirement funds to purchase a new business is legal and not an abusive tax-avoidance transaction as long as the transaction complies with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. The concern the IRS has had with these types of transactions is that the promoters who have been offering these transactions have not had the expertise to develop structures that are fully compliant with IRS and ERISA rules and regulations. The IRS added that a large percentage of the transactions they reviewed were in non-compliance largely due to the following non-compliance issues: (i) failure by the promoters to develop a structure that requires the new company to disclose the new 401(k) Plan to the company’s employees and, (ii) the failure to require the client to secure an independent appraisal to determine the fair market value of the company stock being purchased by the 401(k) Plan. The IRS concluded by stating that a transaction using retirement funds to acquire a business is legal and not prohibited so long as the transaction is structured correctly to comply with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

The IRA Financial Group’s Solution

In light of the 2008 “Memorandum” and the most recent IRS comments outlined on the August 27, 2010 public phone forum, the IRA Financial Group’s in-house tax and ERISA professionals spent the better part of two years studying IRS materials and guidance in order to design an IRS and ERISA compliant structure for using retirement funds to acquire or invest in a business tax-free! Unlike our competitors who have been offering this type of structure for many years, which according to the IRS, a significant portion have been found to be non-compliant, the IRA Financial Group has patiently waited for clear IRS guidance before offering a structure that would be fully compliant with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

BACSS was developed to specifically address and solve each of the non-compliant areas addressed by the IRS creating a business acquisition and funding solution that is in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. Because the IRS has stressed the importance of compliance when using retirement funds to purchase a business, it is crucial to work with a company that is operated by a team of in-house tax and ERISA professionals who have worked at some of the largest law firms in the United States, including White & Case LLP and Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP to ensure the structure satisfies IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

Call us today at 800-472-0646 to learn more about how you can use your retirement funds to start a new business or grow an existing business tax-free, in full IRS compliance, and without penalties!

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Jul 17

Is the Rollover Business Startup (ROBS) Legal?

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (otherwise known as ERISA) and the Internal Revenue Code clearly allow for the use of retirement funds to acquire or invest in a new or existing business as long as the transaction complies with IRS and ERISA rules and regulations.

Business owners have been using retirement funds to help acquire or invest in a business for a number of years. A number of promoters have promoted these types of transactions under the name “ROBS”. Even though this type of transaction is permitted under IRS and ERISA rules, the IRS believed a significant number of the promoters were not taking the necessary steps to structure a transaction that is in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules.

The October 1, 2008 Memorandum

On October 1, 2008, Michael Julianelle, Director, Employee Plans, signed a “Memorandum” approving IRS ROBS Examination Guidelines. The IRS stated that while this type of structure is legal and not considered an abusive tax avoidance transaction, the execution of these types of transactions, in many cases, have not been found to be in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. In the “Memorandum”, the IRS highlighted two compliance areas that they felt were not being adequately followed by the promoters implementing the structure during this time period.

The first non-compliance area of concern the IRS highlighted in the “Memorandum” was the lack of disclosure of the adopted 401(k) Plan to the company’s employees. The IRS believed that in too many instances the promoter was establishing a 401(k) Plan that was not adequately disclosed to all employees. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(4) provides that under a qualified retirement plan, contributions or benefits provided under the plan must not discriminate in favor of highly compensated employees. In addition, the promoters were encouraging the business owner who had used their retirement funds to purchase company stock to not provide the same benefit to their employees.

The second non-compliance area of concern the IRS highlighted in the “Memorandum” was establishing an independent appraisal to determine the fair market value of the business being purchased.

Internal Revenue Code Section 4975(c)(1 )(A) defines a prohibited transaction as a sale, exchange or lease of any property between a plan and a disqualified person. Internal Revenue Code Section 4975(d)(13) provides an exemption from prohibited transaction consideration for any transaction that is exempt from ERISA Section 406, by reason of ERISA Section 408(e), which addresses certain transactions involving employer stock. ERISA Section 408(e), and ERISA Regulation Section 2550,408e promulgated thereunder, provides an exemption from ERISA Section 406 for acquisitions or sales of qualifying employer securities, subject to a requirement that the acquisition or sale must be for “adequate consideration.” Except in the case of a “marketable obligation”, adequate consideration for this purpose means a price not less favorable than the price determined under ERISA Section 3(18). ERISA Section 3(18) provides in relevant part that, in the case of an asset other than a security for which there is no generally recognized market, adequate consideration means the fair market value of the asset as determined in good faith by the trustee or named fiduciary pursuant to the terms of the plan and in accordance with regulations.

An exchange of company stock between the plan and its employer-sponsor would be a prohibited transaction, unless the requirements of ERISA Section 408(e) are met (the acquisition or sale of the qualifying employer securities must be for adequate consideration).

Therefore, valuation of the purchase corporate stock is a relevant issue. Since, in some cases, the company may be newly established, there could be a question of whether the stock is indeed worth the value of the purchase price exchanged. If the transaction has not been for adequate consideration, it would have to be corrected, for example, by the corporation’s redemption of the stock from the plan and replacing it with cash equal to its fair market value, plus an additional interest factor for lost plan earnings. In addition, the IRS asserts that a valuation-related prohibited transaction issue may arise where the start-up enterprise does not actually “start-up.” Many promoters have been advising clients that they do not need to secure appraisal which would seemingly contradict the IRS’s position outlined in the “Memorandum”. In addition, the promoters who have provided clients with a valuation have been providing clients with a single line valuation statement generally approximating available retirement funds, which the IRS considers inadequate.

The August 27, 2010 IRS Public Phone Forum

On August 27, 2010, almost two years after publishing the “Memorandum”, the IRS held a public phone forum open to the public which covered transactions involving using retirement funds to purchase a business. Monika Templeman, Director of Employee Plans Examinations and Colleen Patton, Area Manager of Employee Plans Examinations for the Pacific Coast spent considerable time discussing the IRS’s position on this subject. Monika Templeman began the presentation reaffirming the IRS’s position that a transaction involving the use of retirement funds to purchase a new business is legal and not an abusive tax-avoidance transaction as long as the transaction complies with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. The concern the IRS has had with these types of transactions is that the promoters who have been offering these transactions have not had the expertise to develop structures that are fully compliant with IRS and ERISA rules and regulations. The IRS added that a large percentage of the transactions they reviewed were in non-compliance largely due to the following non-compliance issues: (i) failure by the promoters to develop a structure that requires the new company to disclose the new 401(k) Plan to the company’s employees and, (ii) the failure to require the client to secure an independent appraisal to determine the fair market value of the company stock being purchased by the 401(k) Plan. The IRS concluded by stating that a transaction using retirement funds to acquire a business is legal and not prohibited so long as the transaction is structured correctly to comply with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

The IRA Financial Group’s Solution

In light of the 2008 “Memorandum” and the most recent IRS comments outlined on the August 27, 2010 public phone forum, the IRA Financial Group’s in-house tax and ERISA professionals spent the better part of two years studying IRS materials and guidance in order to design an IRS and ERISA compliant structure for using retirement funds to acquire or invest in a business tax-free! Unlike our competitors who have been offering this type of structure for many years, which according to the IRS, a significant portion have been found to be non-compliant, the IRA Financial Group has patiently waited for clear IRS guidance before offering a structure that would be fully compliant with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

BACSS was developed to specifically address and solve each of the non-compliant areas addressed by the IRS creating a business acquisition and funding solution that is in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. Because the IRS has stressed the importance of compliance when using retirement funds to purchase a business, it is crucial to work with a company that is operated by a team of in-house tax and ERISA professionals who have worked at some of the largest law firms in the United States, including White & Case LLP and Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP to ensure the structure satisfies IRS and ERISA rules and procedures.

Call us today at 800-472-0646 to learn more about how you can use your retirement funds to start a new business or grow an existing business tax-free, in full IRS compliance, and without penalties!

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Nov 07

What Type of Business Can I Purchase Using my IRA?

Leaving your job or thinking of leaving your job and have an IRA plan? Why not use your IRA to invest in yourself instead of a falling stock market? Why put your hard earned retirement funds in the hands of Wall Street when you can use your IRA funds on a business you can run, manage, and even earn a salary from?

With IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition structure, a new C Corporation is formed which will adopt a 401(k) Qualified Plan. Your existing retirement funds can then be rolled into the newly adopted 401(k) Plan tax-free. The 401(k) Plan will then purchase the stock of the new corporation. The new corporation will then use those funds to purchase a new business or franchise tax-free!

What Type of Business Can I Purchase Using my IRA?With the IRS compliant Business Acquisition Structure (“BACSS”), you can earn a reasonable salary from your new business or franchise. You can also use your new 401(k) Plan to make high tax-deductible contributions – $53,000 ($59,000 if you are over the age of 50) or even borrow up to $50,000 for any purpose.

With the BACSS you are permitted to purchase almost any legal business or franchise. Whether you are starting a new business/franchise or buying an existing business, the BACSS will allow you to accomplish your business goals tax-free and without penalty.

Please contact one of our IRA Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

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Sep 09

The Advantages of Using the Business Acquisition & Compliance Solution Structure

If you’re looking to use your IRA funds to invest in a business, look no further than the IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition & Compliance Solution Structure or BACSS.  Here are some of the many advantages:

Tax Advantages: With the Business Acquisition & Compliance Solution Structure (BACSS) you have the ability to use your retirement funds to acquire a new business or grow an existing business tax-free!

Start or Grow a Business Tax-Free: With BACSS, you can access your retirement funds to start or grow a business tax free and without penalty!

Access Funds without Penalties: Accessing your retirement funds can prove expensive if not structured properly. Distributions before retirement age can cost you up to 45% in taxes and penalties. With BACSS, you can access your retirement funds to start or grow a business tax-free and without penalty!

Acquire or Build a Business with No Debt: With BACSS, you can start or grow a business without ever borrowing a penny or touching the home equity you worked so hard to build.

Control your Future: With BACSS, you will be in control of your retirement funds. BACSS is designed to make you the trustee of the plan giving you “Checkbook Control” over your retirement funds. As trustee of the plan you will have the ability to invest your funds to acquire or grow a business tax-free and without penalty!

The Advantages of Using the Business Acquisition & Compliance Solution StructureCompliance with IRS and ERISA Rules: BACSS was designed as an IRS and ERISA compliant structure for using retirement funds to acquire or invest in a business tax-free! The IRA Financial Group’s in-house retirement tax professionals spent the last two years carefully studying IRS guidance in order to design an IRS and ERISA compliant structure for using retirement funds to acquire or invest in a business tax-free! Unlike our competitors who have been offering this type of structure for many years, prior to receiving guidance from the IRS and with a significant portion of their activity having been found to be non-compliant, the IRA Financial Group has patiently waited for clear IRS guidance before offering a structure that would be fully compliant with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. Because the IRS has stressed the importance of compliance when using retirement funds to purchase a business, it is crucial to work with a company that is operated by a team of in-house tax and ERISA professionals who have worked at some of the largest law firms in the United States, including White & Case LLP and Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP to ensure a fully compliant structure.

Speed: We have developed a process that ensures speed and compliance, by using standardized procedures that work via phone, e-mail, fax, and mail. Your funds will be ready for investment into your new or existing business within 14-21 days.

Value: With the IRA Financial Group, you will be working directly with our in-house tax and ERISA professionals to design an IRS and ERISA compliant structure that will allow you to use your retirement funds to acquire or grow a business tax-free at a fair and reasonable price.

Use your retirement funds to purchase a new business or franchise tax-free and without penalty!

It’s 100% IRS compliant.

Call us today to learn more!

Call us today at 800-472-0646 to learn more about how you can use your retirement funds to start a new business or grow an existing business tax-free, in full IRS compliance, and without penalties!

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Jun 30

Hows to Use Your IRA to Buy a Business

Leaving your job or thinking of leaving your job and have an IRA or 401(k) qualified retirement plan? Why not use your IRA or 401(k) Plan to invest in yourself instead of a risky stock market? Why put your hard earned retirement funds in the hands of Wall Street when you can use your 401(k) funds on a business you can run, manage, and even earn a salary from?

With IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition structure, a new C Corporation is formed which will adopt a 401(k) Qualified Plan. Your existing retirement funds can then be rolled into the newly adopted 401(k) Plan tax-free. The 401(k) Plan will then purchase the stock of the new corporation. The new corporation will then use those funds to purchase a new business or franchise tax-free!  How to Use My IRA Funds to Buy a Business

With the IRS compliant Business Acquisition Structure, you can earn a reasonable salary from your new business or franchise. You can also use your new 401(k) Plan to make high tax-deductible contributions – $52,000 ($57,500 if you are over the age of 50) or even borrow up to $50,000 for any purpose.

 

What does the IRS Say about this?

The Internal revenue Code explicitly permits the purchase of corporate stock by a 401(k) Qualified Plan. The IRS has repeatedly confirmed that the structure is legal but has expressed some concern about the potential for abuse by individuals not being properly advised by tax professionals. For example, the IRS has documented the following instances of abuse when it comes to using retirement funds to invest in a business: (i) employees of the business are not properly informed that a 401(k) qualified plan has been adopted by the business and that they are eligible to participate, (ii) the structure is established with no intention to use for business purpose and the sole purpose for establishment was to get access to the retirement funds without penalty, or (iii) the structure is being used to purchase assets for personal use with the retirement funds.

Therefore, the IRS has stressed that it is imperative that when using IRA or 401(k) funds to establish a new business or finance an existing one, it is important to work with qualified tax professionals who have experience in this area and could make sure the structure is established in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. Work with IRA Financial Group’s in-house tax professionals to help establish your IRS compliant Business Acquisition Solution.

IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition structure is IRS compliant and is the only legal structure that one can use to invest retirement funds into a business they will operate and be employed by. With a self-directed IRA LLC, an individual can invest retirement funds in a private business, but not a business that he or she would be involved in – that would be considered a prohibited transaction pursuant to Internal Revenue Code 4975. While, with a Solo 401K, an individual could only borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of his or her account value whichever is less and use that loan for any purpose, including starting or financing a business. However, if an individual requires more than $50,000 for a business, then the Business Acquisition structure is the only solution that will allow one to use their retirement funds to start or finance a business tax-free and without penalty!

To learn more about the advantages of using a Business Acquisition Structure to start or finance a business using retirement funds, please contact a retirement expert at 800-472-0646.

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Apr 29

How to Fund a Business with Your IRA

Leaving your job or thinking of leaving your job and have an IRA or 401(k) qualified retirement plan? Why not use your IRA or 401(k) Plan to invest in yourself instead of a falling stock market? Why put your hard earned retirement funds in the hands of Wall Street when you can use your 401(k) funds on a business you can run, manage, and even earn a salary from?

With IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition structure, a new C Corporation is formed which will adopt a 401(k) Qualified Plan. Your existing retirement funds can then be rolled into the newly adopted 401(k) Plan tax-free. The 401(k) Plan will then purchase the stock of the new corporation. The new corporation will then use those funds to purchase a new business or franchise tax-free!

Use you IRA to purchase your own businessWith the IRS compliant Business Acquisition Structure, you can earn a reasonable salary from your new business or franchise. You can also use your new 401(k) Plan to make high tax-deductible contributions – $52,000 ($57,500 if you are over the age of 50) or even borrow up to $50,000 for any purpose.

What does the IRS Say about this?

The Internal revenue Code explicitly permits the purchase of corporate stock by a 401(k) Qualified Plan. The IRS has repeatedly confirmed that the structure is legal but has expressed some concern about the potential for abuse by individuals not being properly advised by tax professionals. For example, the IRS has documented the following instances of abuse when it comes to using retirement funds to invest in a business: (i) employees of the business are not properly informed that a 401(k) qualified plan has been adopted by the business and that they are eligible to participate, (ii) the structure is established with no intention to use for business purpose and the sole purpose for establishment was to get access to the retirement funds without penalty, or (iii) the structure is being used to purchase assets for personal use with the retirement funds.

Therefore, the IRS has stressed that it is imperative that when using IRA or 401(k) funds to establish a new business or finance an existing one, it is important to work with qualified tax professionals who have experience in this area and could make sure the structure is established in full compliance with IRS and ERISA rules and procedures. Work with IRA Financial Group’s in-house tax professionals to help establish your IRS compliant Business Acquisition Solution.

IRA Financial Group’s Business Acquisition structure is IRS compliant and is the only legal structure that one can use to invest retirement funds into a business they will operate and be employed by. With a self-directed IRA LLC, an individual can invest retirement funds in a private business, but not a business that he or she would be involved in – that would be considered a prohibited transaction pursuant to Internal Revenue Code 4975. While, with a Solo 401K, an individual could only borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of his or her account value whichever is less and use that loan for any purpose, including starting or financing a business. However, if an individual requires more than $50,000 for a business, then the Business Acquisition structure is the only solution that will allow one to use their retirement funds to start or finance a business tax-free and without penalty!

To learn more about the advantages of using a Business Acquisition Structure to start or finance a business using retirement funds, please contact a retirement expert at 800-472-0646.

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Apr 11

The Advantages of the ROBS Solution vs. the Self-Directed IRA to Buy a Business with IRA or 401k Funds

The Business Acquisition & Compliance Solution Structure (BACSS) also known as the “Rollover Business Start-Up” (“ROBS”) Solution is an IRS and ERISA approved structure that allows an individual to purchase a new or existing business with retirement funds and be active in the business without triggering any of the IRS prohibited transaction rules. The ROBS solution qualifies for a special exemption set forth under IRC 4975(d) to certain prohibited transaction rules, which do not apply to a Self-Directed IRA structure.

How Does the ROBS structure work?

The ROBS arrangement typically involves rolling over a prior IRA or 401(k) plan account into a newly established 401(k) plan, which a start-up C Corporation business sponsored, and then investing the rollover 401(k) Plan funds in the stock of the new C Corporation. The funds are then deposited in the C Corporation bank account and are available for use for business purposes.

The following is how a typical ROBS structure works:

  • 1. Jim, an entrepreneur or existing business owner, establishes a new C Corporation in the state where the business will be operating. The ROBS structure must involve a C Corporation and not an LLC or S Corporation because the exemption to the IRS prohibited transaction rules under IRC 4975(d) involves the purchase of “Qualifying Employer Securities”, which is defined as stock of a Corporation. Using an LLC would not satisfy this definition and only individuals can be shareholders of an S Corporation and a 401(k) Plan is a trust.
  • 2. The new C Corporation adopts a prototype 401(k) plan that specifically permits the plan participants, including Jim, to direct the investment of their plan accounts into a selection of investments options, including employer stock, also known as “qualifying employer securities.
  • 3. Jim elects to participate in the new 401(k) plan and, as permitted by the plan, directs a rollover of a prior employer’s 401(k) Plan funds into the newly adopted 401(k) plan.
  • 4. Jim then directs the investment of his or her 401(k) plan account to purchase the C Corporation’s newly issued stock at fair market value (i.e., the amount that Jim wishes to invest in the new business).
  • 5. Jim also invests personal funds equal to more than 1% of the purchase price so that the structure is not considered an Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP).
  • 6. The C Corporation utilizes the proceeds from the sale of stock (the amount of rollover funds and personal funds used) to purchase the assets for the new business.
  • 7. Joe would be able to earn a salary from the revenues of the business as well as personally guarantee any business loan.

What is the Difference between using a Self-Directed Vs. ROBS structure to buy a business?

In a lot of respects, using a Self-Directed IRA LLC or a 401(k) Plan to purchase stock in a corporation would seem to be subject to the same rules. However, as described above, using 401(k) Plan funds and not IRA funds allows one to take advantage of the prohibited transaction exemption under IRC 4975(d) for “Qualifying Employer Securities.”

The recent U.S. Tax Court case Peek v. Commissioner, 140 T.C. No. 12 (May 9, 2013), highlights the risk and limitations involved when using a Self-Directed IRA to purchase business assets. In the Peek case, the taxpayers used IRA funds to invest in a corporation that ultimately purchased business assets. Because Mr. Peek used an IRA and not a 401(k) Plan to purchase the C Corporation stock, Mr. Peek was not able to earn a salary or personally guarantee a business loan, which ultimately was the cause of the IRS prohibited transaction rule violation.

The limitation of using a Self-Directed IRA LLC to buy a business is that the individual retirement account business owner would not be able to be actively involved in the business, earn a salary, or even personally guarantee a business loan. Whereas, if the business owner used a ROBS strategy, that individual would be able to be actively involved in the business, earn a salary, as well as personally guarantee a business loan without triggering the IRS prohibited transaction rules.

To learn more about the benefits of the ROBS strategy, please contact a retirement tax expert at 800-472-0646.

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