Dec 20

When Do I need to take My Required Minimum Distributions (RMD) From My IRA?

The terms of an independent retirement account or annuity must include several minimum distribution rules, which Congress imposed to ensure that IRAs are primarily used as retirement savings media, not as vehicles to build wealth for transmission to heirs. As discussed below, these rules provide separately for distributions to IRA owners and distributions to beneficiaries after the death of an IRA owner. An IRA owner is an individual who establishes and contributes to an IRA for the benefit of himself or herself and his or her beneficiaries.

When Do I need to take My Required Minimum Distributions (RMD) From My IRA?Minimum distributions to IRA owners

An IRA must, by its terms, require the account or annuity to be fully distributed not later than April 1 of the year following the calendar year during which the IRA owner attains age 70 and 1/2 or be distributed by annual or more frequent payments over a period beginning by that date and continuing not longer than for the owner’s life, the lives of the owner and his or her beneficiary, or a period not longer than the life expectancy of the owner or the owner and beneficiary. April 1 of the year following the calendar year during which the owner reaches age 70 and 1/2 is the required beginning date.

How are minimum distribution requirements satisfied in the case of multiple Traditional IRAs?

Minimum distributions must be determined separately for each IRA. If an individual is owner of more than one IRA, however, the sum of the minimum distributions from all of them may be satisfied by distributions from any of them. This aggregation rule generally applies only to IRA owners. It does not allow an IRA held as beneficiary to be combined with other IRAs, whether held as owner or as beneficiary. However, two or more IRAs held as beneficiary of the same decedent may be aggregated if minimum distributions are being determined under the same life expectancy rule. IRA distributions cannot satisfy distributions under Internal Revenue Code Section 403(b) contracts and vice versa. Also, distributions from Roth IRAs cannot satisfy minimum distribution obligations under a traditional IRA or an Internal Revenue Code Section 403(b) contract.

What do I need to report when making a minimum IRA distribution?

Trustees, custodians, and issuers of IRAs (trustees) must make reports on minimum distributions to IRA owners and the IRS. If a minimum IRA distribution is required for a calendar year as of the beginning of which the IRA owner (or a surviving spouse who has elected to be treated as owner) is alive, the trustee holding the IRA as of December 31 of the preceding year must provide a statement to the owner by January 31 of the distribution year. The statement must indicate that a minimum distribution is required for the year, state the date by which the distribution must be made, and either state the amount of the distribution (calculated assuming that the sole beneficiary of the IRA is not a spouse more than 10 years younger than the IRA owner) or offer to compute the amount. The statement must also inform the owner that this information will be provided to the IRS. A trustee must also file Form 5498 (IRA Contribution Information) with the IRS for each calendar year for which a minimum distribution is required. This form need not state the amount of the minimum distribution.

No reporting to beneficiaries or the IRS is required with respect to IRAs of deceased owners. Also, although the minimum distribution rules for IRAs generally apply to Internal Revenue Code Section 403(b) contracts, no reporting is required with respect to such a contract, whether the employee is living or dead.

Please contact one of our IRA Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

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Aug 24

New Podcast – IRA Hardship Distributions

IRA Financial Group’s Adam Bergman discusses how you can take a hardship distribution withdrawal from your IRA and what taxes and penalties may or may not apply.

 

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Mar 14

Changes to IRS Form 5498 with Regards to Your Self-Directed IRA

For Tax Year 2015 and beyond on IRS Form 5498, the IRS now requires IRA custodians to separately specify transactions which involve certain Self-Directed IRA investments

The information on Form 5498 is submitted to the Internal Revenue Service by the trustee (IRA custodian) of your individual retirement arrangement (IRA) to report contributions, including any catch-up contributions, required minimum distributions (RMDs), and the fair market value (FMV) of the account.

The IRS Form 5498 gives the market value of all assets and cash held within the client account for the previous year and is used for tax reporting.  The IRA custodian will forward IRS Form 5498 to the IRS electronically by May 31 of the current year for the previous year.

Changes to IRS Form 5498 with Regards to Your Self-Directed IRAFor Tax Year 2015 and beyond, the IRS now requires IRA custodians to separately specify transactions which involve certain types of investments with no readily available fair market value that are held inside a tax deferred retirement account. These investments have no readily available fair market value and include, but are not limited to, non-publicly traded stock, private partnerships or LLC interests, real estate, options, and other hard-to-value investments.  The IRS updated the IRS Form 5498 to include new Boxes 15a and 15b. The fair market value of investments in the IRA will be reported in Box 15a. Box 15b will be used to categorize the types of investments listed in Box 15a through the use of the following category code(s):

A – Stock or other ownership interest in a corporation that is not readily tradable on an established US or foreign securities market.

B – Short- or long-term debt obligation that is not traded on an established securities market.

C – Ownership interest in a limited liability company or similar entity (unless the entity is traded on an established securities market).

D – Real estate.

E – Ownership interest in a partnership, trust, or similar entity (unless the entity is traded on an established securities market).

F – Option contract or similar product that is not offered for trade on an established US or foreign option exchange.

G – Other asset that does not have a readily available fair market value.

H – More than two types of assets (listed in A through G) that are held in the IRA.

The IRS has indicated that these reporting change are a result of the IRS trying to get a better handle on the type of IRA assets that are being purchased with IRA funds and get a better handle on what percentage of IRA assets should be considered ‘hard-to-value’ assets.  The IRS has some concern that certain IRA assets’ fair market values are not being reported accurately. The fair market value of an IRA asset is very important to the IRS because that is what a tax would be imposed on when distributions are taken by the IRA holder.  With the total IRA assets valued at close to $8 trillion dollars as of 2016, making sure IRA holders are paying their fair share of taxes on their IRA distributions are vital.

For more information on the IRS Form 5498 changes and its impact on your Self-Directed IRA, please contact a self-directed IRA specialist at 800-472-0646.

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